SALMON (Scalable Ab-initio Light-Matter simulator for Optics and Nanoscience)

Suggested citations

If you publish a paper in which SALMON makes an important contribution, please cite the SALMON code paper,

M. Noda, S.A. Sato, Y. Hirokawa, M. Uemoto, T. Takeuchi, S. Yamada, A. Yamada, Y. Shinohara, M. Yamaguchi, K. Iida, I. Floss, T. Otobe, K.-M. Lee, K. Ishimura, T. Boku, G.F. Bertsch, K. Nobusada, K. Yabana, SALMON: Scalable Ab-initio Light-Matter simulator for Optics and Nanoscience, Comp. Phys. Comm. 235, 356 (2019),

published in Computer Physics Communications. We also suggest you to cite the following papers depending on your usage of SALMON.

  • If you use SALMON for electron dynamics calculations of a large-size system, the following paper that discusses massively parallel implementation utilizing spatial divisions will be appropriate:
    M. Noda, Massively-parallel electron dynamics calculations in real-time and real-space: toward applications to nanostructures of more than ten-nanometers in size, J. Compute. Phys., 2014, 265, 145-155.
  • if you use SALMON to calculate electron dynamics in a unit cell of crystalline solid, the following paper discussing formalism and numerical implementation will be appropriate:
    G.F. Bertsch, Real-space, real-time method for the dielectric function, Phys. Rev. B62, 7998 (2000).
  • The following paper is one of the first implementations of the real-time time-dependent density functional calculation, in particular, instantaneous kick for the linear response calculations:
    K. Yabana, Phys. Rev. B54, 4484 (1996).
  • If you use multiscale calculation coupling Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic fields of light and electron dynamics, the following paper discussing the formalism and the numerical implementation will be appropriate:
    K. Yabana, Time-dependent density functional theory for strong electromagnetic fields in crystalline solids, Phys. Rev. B85, 045134 (2012).
  • The following paper describes parallelization method for the coupled Maxwell - TDDFT calculations:
    S.A. Sato, Maxwell + TDDFT multi-scale simulation for laser-matter interaction, J. Adv. Simulat. Sci. Eng. 1, 98 (2014).
  • The following paper describes computational aspects of electron dynamics calculations for periodic systems in many-core processors:
    Y. Hirokawa, Electron dynamics simulation with time-dependent density functional theory on large scale symmetric mode Xeon Phi Cluster, IEEE IPDPS Workshop PDSEC'16 (2016).