How to cite SALMON

Suggested Citations

If you publish a paper in which SALMON makes an important contribution, please cite the SALMON code paper, Ref. [1] published in Computer Physics Communications.

We also suggest you to cite the following papers depending on your usage of SALMON.

  • If you use SALMON for electron dynamics calculations of a large-size system, Ref. [2] that discusses massively parallel implementation utilizing spatial divisions will be appropriate.
  • if you use SALMON to calculate electron dynamics in a unit cell of crystalline solid, Ref. [3] discussing formalism and numerical implementation will be appropriate.
  • Ref. [4] is one of the first implementations of the real-time time-dependent density functional calculation, in particular, instantaneous kick for the linear response calculations.
  • If you use multiscale calculation coupling Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic fields of light and electron dynamics, Ref. [5] discussing the formalism and the numerical implementation will be appropriate.
  • Ref. [6] describes parallelization method for the coupled Maxwell - TDDFT calculations.
  • Ref. [7] describes computational aspects of electron dynamics calculations for periodic systems in many-core processors:

[1]M. Noda, S. A. Sato, Y. Hirokawa, M. Uemoto, T. Takeuchi, S. Yamada, A. Yamada, Y. Shinohara, M. Yamaguchi, K. Iida, I. Floss, T. Otobe, K.-M. Lee, K. Ishimura, T. Boku, G. F. Bertsch, K. Nobusada, and K. Yabana. Salmon: scalable ab-initio light-matter simulator for optics and nanoscience. Comp. Phys. Comm., 235(356-365):, 2019.
[2]Masashi Noda, Kazuya Ishimura, Katsuyuki Nobusada, Kazuhiro Yabana, and Taisuke Boku. Massively-parallel electron dynamics calculations in real-time and real-space: toward applications to nanostructures of more than ten-nanometers in size. Journal of Computational Physics, 265:145–155, 2014.
[3]George F Bertsch, J-I Iwata, Angel Rubio, and Kazuhiro Yabana. Real-space, real-time method for the dielectric function. Physical Review B, 62(12):7998, 2000.
[4]K. Yabana and G. F. Bertsch. Time-dependent local-density approximation in real time. Phys. Rev. B, 54:4484–4487, Aug 1996. URL:, doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.54.4484.
[5]Kazuhiro Yabana, T Sugiyama, Y Shinohara, T Otobe, and GF Bertsch. Time-dependent density functional theory for strong electromagnetic fields in crystalline solids. Physical Review B, 85(4):045134, 2012.
[6]Shunsuke A. Sato and Kazuhiro Yabana. Maxwell + tddft multi-scale simulation for laser-matter interactions. Journal of Advanced Simulation in Science and Engineering, 1(1):98–110, 2014. doi:10.15748/jasse.1.98.
[7]Yuta Hirokawa, Taisuke Boku, Shunsuke A Sato, and Kazuhiro Yabana. Electron dynamics simulation with time-dependent density functional theory on large scale symmetric mode xeon phi cluster. In Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium Workshops, 2016 IEEE International, 1202–1211. IEEE, 2016.